Electronic Music Studios (EMS) Synthi

EMS SynthiA PortabellaEMS SynthiA Image

Synthi A

The Synthi A and Synthi AKS models are virtually the same electronic instrument as the EMS VCS3, except that the Synthi models are housed in a thin plastic briefcase for easy portability. The Synthi A was also commonly known as the "Portabella". The AKS model (pictured below) adds a 256-step on-board monophonic digital sequencer and a 30-note touchplate keyboard (activated by the 50 Hz-hum in our fingers).

Like the VCS3, the Synthi A and AKS feature three oscillators and a unique patch system. Instead of patch wires, they use a patchbay grid wherein the synth components are laid out and signal routing is accomplished by placing small pins into the appropriate slots. The VCS3/Synthi was, in actuality, a modular type synthesizer reduced down to an extremely portable size.

EMS SynthiAKS

Synthi AKS

They are famous for their ability to generate those familiar sci-fi sounds (Dr. Who) and other uniquely analog sounds. After ten minutes of warm-up the oscillators become pretty stable. There's a Noise Generator, two Input Amplifiers, one Ring Modulator, one Voltage Controlled Low Pass Filter (VCF), one Trapezoid Envelope Generator, a Joy-Stick Controller, a Voltage Controlled Spring Reverb unit and two Stereo Output Amplifiers.

What is important about the portable line of EMS synths is that they were super miniaturized and fairly sophisticated for their time. The patching grid system made patching easier, and allowed the unit to take up a lot less space. The Synthi A was released in 1971, two years after the launch of the VCS3 (The AKS came out in 1972). It should be noted that the case mounting of the AKS can be very precarious. The mounting is prone to fail, and therefore any used units should be examined carefully to see if this common problem exists before buying.

EMS Synthi100

Synthi 100

EMS also produced the monsterous Synthi 100 in 1971. It is loosely based around the combination of three VCS3 systems into one massive synthesizer. Although the circuit boards are unique and somewhat different, the filters are still quite similar to those of the VCS3 and A/AKS. The sound of the Synthi 100 was subtly distinct from the VCS3. Both filters and oscillators were much more stable in the Synthi 100. It featured twelve VCOs, two keyboards and a 3-track, 256-step monophonic digital sequencer. EMS really was an early pioneer of digital sequencers in a time when such devices as Moog's analog 10-step sequencer were the more popular norm. The Synth 100 also featured two massive 64 x 64 patch matrices. Approximately 29 Synthi 100 systems were built in the 1970s and early 80s, although EMS still states that you can have one built as a special order. It sold for $25,000 originally, and probably still does today. Jack Dangers of Meat Beat Manifesto owns one which he used heavily on his album, "R.U.O.K?".

EMS Synthi E

Synthi E

The Synthi E is an educational form of the Synthi that had a complete teaching course built around it for use in colleges and schools. It was intended as a teaching aid into the principles of sound synthesis and electronic music. Small, housed in a brief-case and battery powered, the Synthi E was perfect for the student or teacher on the go! Simple as it may appear, it actually has some sophistiated features:

  • Input Amplifier with low (Microphone) and high (line) level inputs.
  • Envelope Follower providing a voltage proportional to the amplitude of the input.
  • Oscillator 1 with true exponential voltage control of frequency and three simultaneous output waveforms (sine, triangle and voltage controlled pulse).
  • Oscillator 2 for slow control voltages such as glissando or vibrato.
  • Filter/Oscillator 3 with v.c. low, high and band pass filter or pure sine wave.
  • Modulator for envelope shaping or ring modulation. Noise Generator.
  • Trapezoid Generator for multiple simultaneous trapezoid waveforms. These may be used for envelope shaping (trigger mode) or for low frequency waveforms (free run mode).
  • Manual-Slide tape Controllers (2) for obtaining control voltages. One slide-tape is stepped and may be used as a keyboard and the other for variable control. One provides a trigger pulse. Both may be temporarily marked or written on.
  • Inverter to invert control voltages or signals.
  • Monitor Amplifier and Loudspeaker with two input mixer faders.
  • A 3-octave keyboard for controlling the Synthi E is available. This unit is a mechanical keyboard which plugs into the Synthi E. It provides the correct pitch voltage and trigger signal for the Trapezoid Generator. A switch on the Synthi E selects internal or external keyboard operation.

Many of these EMS synth's have been used by Brian Eno, Pink Floyd, Stereolab, Yes, Aphex Twin, Autechre, Jean-Michel Jarre, Astral Projection, Vince Clarke, The Who, Todd Rundgren, Recoil, Freddy Fresh, Ultravox and many more.

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34 Visitor comments
brageboogie
April 10, 2010 @ 3:51 pm
@AndreaPB: Mad props and kudos to you, my friend!
AndreaPB
April 9, 2010 @ 5:11 pm
I started playing the Synti A in1977 in "Conservatorio" in Turin, Italy, in 1977. Many concerts, in Italy, Austria, German, France. Now I am a scientist, an acoustic researcher, well known in international congress, I have my Synthi and when I have a little bit moment I build my matrix (now I know about everithing on the sound), I study the FFT of the sound, playing with my wife (compser and arp player) and my doughter (violinist), recording with my Neumann and is still now a great joy. Thanks to Zinovieff!
Brian
March 20, 2010 @ 6:24 am
I use to use Synthi A, AKS and VCS3 when I was a student in the 70's. I visited EMS in Putney, London and they gave me a promo brochure including hand printed black and white photos of their synths. I have just unearthed it while clearing out some old stuff. Anybody know if it is worth anything?
russell
March 12, 2010 @ 12:58 pm
Has anyone ever seen one of the Synthi P prototypes? Apparently four were made and they had a more squared off silver half suitcase with improved electronics. Would be good to see some pics but they are probably in a bank vault somewhere.
Vincent
January 28, 2010 @ 3:54 am
The Net label "Clinical archives" has released a very interesting work, various artist using the EMS synthi :
http://clinicalarchives.blogspot.com/2009/12/ca345-various-synthi-group-vol-2.h tml
Free download
Cheers
 
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  • Check Price
  • The link above will take you to an eBay search for this synth to see active listings. If you don't find it there, try looking in our forum marketplace or post a wanted classified.
  • Specifications
  • Polyphony - Monophonic
  • Oscillators - 9 to 12 oscillators
  • Filter - Low Pass VCF
  • VCA - Trapezoid waveshape Envelope generator
  • LFO - Yes
  • Keyboard - Synthi AKS has a 30-note touchplate keyboard.
  • Memory - None
  • Control - CV/GATE
  • Date Produced -
    Synthi A - 1971
    Synthi AKS - 1972
    Synthi 100 - 1971

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